Plato (left) and aristotle, from raphael's school of athens, c 1509 (wikimedia commons) the philosopher plato was a citizen of athens, born into one of the city’s old families as a child and adolescent, the future philosopher witnessed radical and sometimes horrifying changes in athens. Summary the crito records the conversation that took place in the prison where socrates was confined awaiting his executionit is in the form of a dialog between socrates and crito, an elderly athenian who for many years has been a devoted friend of socrates and a firm believer in his ethical teachings. Socrates king, martin luther, jr yannis simonides performing excerpts from his one-man show, socrates now, based on the apology of plato, followed by a classics professor comparing socrates to martin luther king, jr, and nelson mandela. The republic (book 7: the allegory of the cave) lyrics in the world of knowledge the idea of good appears last of all, and knowledge has the power of effecting such a change [socrates.
By his own admission, socrates did not consider himself a teacher (cohen and curd, pg117, 19e) rather than impart knowledge, socrates sought knowledge, and did this by the most direct and logical way. Since, according to plato (and socrates), virtue and happiness require knowledge, eg, knowledge of goods and evils, plato's ethics is inseparable from his epistemology epistemology is, broadly speaking, the study of what knowledge is and how one comes to have knowledge. Socrates is famous for arguing that we must know thyself to be wise, that the unexamined life is not worth living thus it is a cruel irony that socrates was condemned to death for corrupting the youth (for educating them to philosophy and arguing that people are ignorant of the truth. In connection with the idea that opposites generate opposites, socrates explains that this has been affirmed not of opposite ideas either in us or in nature, but of opposite things — not of life and death, but of individuals living and dying.
Plato plato: a theory of forms david macintosh explains plato’s theory of forms or ideas for the non-philosopher, plato’s theory of forms can seem difficult to grasp if we can place this theory into its historical and cultural context perhaps it will begin to make a little more sense. The ethics of socrates is briefly outlined if knowledge can be learned, so can virtue thus, socrates states virtue can be taught he believes “the unexamined life is not worth living” one must seek knowledge and wisdom before private interests these ideas form the philosophy of the socratic paradox. Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught to him, life was about internal examination and focus he eschewed the idea of focusing on the material socrates himself is a bit of mystery he never refers to himself as a philosopher in fact, most of what is known about him. Socrates claimed that in another life, our souls existed with the forms in the real world and from participating with them, our souls gathered all of the knowledge that is possible to possess perhaps due to trauma of our births, (19) we lose most everything we learned in the other world.
In a setting uncluttered by concern for socrates's fate, it centers on the general problem of the origins of our moral knowledge the greek notion of αρετη [aretê] , or virtue , is that of an ability or skill in some particular respect. In turn, that “more perfect” idea of a beer was a similarly cheap imitation of the even more perfect idea of “deliciousness” plato’s universe continues this way all the way up, up to the most perfect idea of “goodness,” which was the common idea in all things, including humans. Socrates’ first interest in knowledge is therefore practical, but i should say here that that knowledge vivid enough to pass immediately into deed will also be an end in itself, a realm in which to dwell beyond all action, and that this is yet another one of the great socratic paradoxes.
For socrates (and for plato), it is much better to know that one does not know than boldly and grandly to claim knowledge when one is in fact ignorant thus, socrates' modesty simply sets up meno, the thessalians, gorgias, and the sophists in general for a fall later on in the elenchus. In several dialogues, plato also floated the idea that knowledge is a matter of recollection (anamnesis), and not of learning, observation or study thus, knowledge is not empirical , but essentially comes from divine insight. Theory of forms 1 theory of forms plato's theory of forms or theory of ideas   asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most.
Socratic ignorance is also socratic wisdom, because according to socrates' interpretation of the oracle's words, to distinguish what you know from what you don't know, and thus see that you are not wise, is the only wisdom man can have. In this lecture we examine the ideas of socrates we look at his exhortation to 'care for your soul', his conviction that knowledge of virtue is necessary to become virtuous, his belief that all. Whether socrates received moral knowledge of any sort from the sign is a matter of scholarly debate, but beyond doubt is the strangeness of socrates’ insistence that he took private instructions from a deity that was unlicensed by the city.
Socrates himself admits that he is ignorant, and yet he became the wisest of all men through this self-knowledge like an empty cup socrates is open to receive the waters of knowledge wherever he may find them yet through his cross examinations he finds only people who claim to be wise but really know nothing. Socrates was born and lived nearly his entire life in athens his father sophroniscus was a stonemason and his mother, phaenarete, was a midwife as a youth, he showed an appetite for learning. Socrates is ultimately unimpressed, for if we all have friends and enemies then the injustice afflicted to enemies would create a cyclical spiral of injustice on the account of polemarchus’s own admission of the principle of appropriate return or reciprocity. A philosophy based on the idea that nothing can be known for certain what does the pythian priestess say that changes socrates' life the priestess says that there is no one wiser than socrates either through the bodily kind of sexual love or through the sharing and reproduction of ideas the greatest knowledge of all, she confides.
The idea that the universe was always in a war of change and flux was the central tenant to this reasoning heraclitus believed that fire was the incarnation of a divine will that caused all change within reality and that the one undeniable law of the universe was that everything was always transforming into something else. The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning transformed the entire enterprise since he sought genuine knowledge rather than mere victory over an opponent, socrates employed the same logical tricks developed by the sophists to. 317 quotes from socrates: 'the only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing', 'the unexamined life is not worth living', and 'there is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.